2020 U.S. presidential election officially kicks off
新华社美国得梅因2月2日电新闻背景：美国总统选举第一阶段——党内预选 新华社记者徐剑梅 孙丁 邓仙来 美国中部时间2月3日晚7时起，位于美国中西部的艾Ova will hold the first in-party pre-election in the Democratic and Republican presidential elections in more than 1,600 constituencies, officially kicking off the 2020 US presidential election.
The four-year U.S. presidential election process is long and complicated, mainly including party pre-elections, two parties holding separate national congresses to determine presidential candidates, presidential candidate elections, national voters, ballots by the electoral college, and inauguration of elected presidents.
Already a year ago, election campaigns for American candidates and bipartisan pre-election debates on mainstream television stations began.
The grassroots meeting of the Iowa political parties held on February 3 marked the first phase of the presidential election, the party’s pre-elections.
During the pre-election phase from February to June this year, the Democratic and Republican parties will elect representatives to participate in their party’s national congress among the 50 states of the United States, the capital Washington, DC, 5 US overseas territories and overseas voters.
After the pre-election, the two parties are expected to hold national congresses in July and August this year to determine their party’s presidential candidates.
There are two forms of pre-election in the United States, namely, primary 武汉夜生活网 party meetings and direct pre-elections.
At the grassroots level of the party, after discussing and counting supporters of each candidate, the state representatives were first selected to participate in the National Congress, and the candidate who received the support of most state representatives was considered to have won the state pre-election.
Before the votes are counted at the grassroots meeting, if the number of voters supporting a certain candidate does not reach a certain percentage of the total number of participants, these voters need to make a new choice and combine with the supporters of other candidates.
After the grassroots meeting, each party will also hold county and state congresses to formally determine the state representatives to participate in the party’s national congress.
This pre-election was held 杭州桑拿 in Iowa.
Unlike primary party meetings, direct pre-elections are similar in form to universal suffrage. On the same day, voters from two parties in a state go to the polls to vote for state representatives participating in their party’s national congress.
Most states in the United States use direct preselection.
For decades, Iowa and New Hampshire, located in the northeastern United States, have been the first states to hold primary party meetings and direct preselections in the US election year, respectively.
Although they are small states in terms of area and population, they are highly regarded by candidates and the media because they are the first to hold pre-elections and have a vane and barometer effect on the pre-election situation of the two parties.
According to the New York Times, as of January 31, 2020, 17 Democrats and a Republican have withdrawn from the presidential election, and there are still 11 Democrats and 3 Republicans including President Trump.Contest for nominations within the party.
In the Democratic camp, former Vice President Biden, federal senator Bernie Sanders, and Elizabeth Warren lead in most polls.
In the Republican camp, Trump immediately announced his re-election after taking office in January 2017.
In February 2019, the Republican National Committee voted to fully support Trump’s re-election.
Since then, at least 7 states have cancelled Republican pre-elections in that state.
Original Title: News Background: First Phase of US Presidential Election-Intra-Party Preliminary Election